Run Windows Troubleshooting Wizards manually (from the command line)

There are some great resources online that show you how to manually run various Windows troubleshooters from the command line (a great summary, or the details from Technet), but they didn’t include some of the newer items in Windows 10, including the Windows Store Apps Troubleshooter.

To run these manually, you can use the following commands (in some cases, you’ll be prompted to elevate to admin rights if you’re not already running CMD or Powershell as an admin):


%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  BluetoothDiagnostic


%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  KeyboardDiagnostic


%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  SpeechDiagnosticCalibrate

Video Playback:

 %systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  VideoPlaybackDiagnostic

Windows Store Apps:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id AppsDiagnostic

Additionally, here are the Troubleshooting packages listed at the Technet site in case that’s unavailable in the future:

Aero effects, like transparency:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  AeroDiagnostic

Troubleshoots problems connecting to a workplace network over the Internet using Direct Access:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  NetworkDiagnosticsDA

Troubleshoots problems using hardware and access devices connected to the computer:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  DeviceDiagnostic

Troubleshoots problems viewing computers or shared files in a homegroup:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  HomeGroupDiagnostic

Troubleshoots problems with allowing other computers to communicate with the target computer through Windows Firewall:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  NetworkDiagnosticsInbound

Troubleshoots problems connecting to the Internet or to a specific Web site:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  NetworkDiagnosticsWeb

Helps the user prevent add-on problems and optimize temporary files and connections:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  IEDiagnostic

Helps the user prevent malware, pop-ups, and online attacks:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  IESecurityDiagnostic

Troubleshoots problems with Ethernet, wireless, or other network adapters:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  NetworkDiagnosticsNetworkAdapter

Helps the user adjust settings to improve operating system speed and performance:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id   PerformanceDiagnostic

Troubleshoots problems playing sounds and other audio files:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  AudioPlaybackDiagnostic

Helps the user adjust power settings to improve battery life and reduce power consumption:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  PowerDiagnostic

Troubleshoots problems printing:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  PrinterDiagnostic

Helps the user configure older programs so that they can run in the current version of Windows:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  PCWDiagnostic

Troubleshoots problems recording audio from a microphone or other input source:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  AudioRecordingDiagnostic

Troubleshoots problems with search and indexing using Windows Search:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  SearchDiagnostic

Troubleshoots problems accessing shared files and folders on other computers over the network:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  NetworkDiagnosticsFileShare

Helps the user clean up unused files and shortcuts and perform other maintenance tasks:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  MaintenanceDiagnostic

Troubleshoots problems playing a DVD using Windows Media Player:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  WindowsMediaPlayerDVDDiagnostic

Troubleshoots problems with adding media files to the Windows Media Player library:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  WindowsMediaPlayerLibraryDiagnostic

Helps the user reset Windows Media Player settings to the default configuration:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  WindowsMediaPlayerConfigurationDiagnostic

Troubleshoots problems that prevent Windows Update from performing update tasks:

%systemroot%\system32\msdt.exe -id  WindowsUpdateDiagnostic

To get a full list of Troubleshooters currently installed on your system, you can run the following command and then select “Additional Troubleshooters” if necessary:

%systemroot%\system32\control.exe /name Microsoft.Troubleshooting

Error TF255271 while upgrading TFS 2005 -> 2010

When upgrading TFS 2005 to TFS 2010 (using these instructions) and it worked great on my test computer, but when I went to migrate the production server, I received the following error:

Warning Message: [2011-05-12 20:12:14Z] Servicing step Register Integration Database failed. (ServicingOperation: UpgradePreTfs2010Databases; Step group: AttachPreTFS2010Databases.TfsFramework)
Warning Message: TF255271: The team project collection could not be created. The number of steps before the completion of project creation is: 216. The number of steps completed before the failure was 10.

The error message doesn’t give any detail at all, so I opened the log file and found this near the bottom:

[Info   @20:12:19.133] [2011-05-12 20:12:14Z][Error] BisCreateSchema.sql Line 816 Error: Incorrect syntax near ‘,’. (10 of 216)
[Info   @20:12:19.133] [2011-05-12 20:12:14Z][Informational] Microsoft.TeamFoundation.Framework.Server.CollectionServicingException: BisCreateSchema.sql Line 816 Error: Incorrect syntax near ‘,’.
—> System.Data.SqlClient.SqlException: Incorrect syntax near ‘,’.

Try as I might, I couldn’t find the SQL file it referred to, and Google wasn’t much help either – however, it seemed that the SQL file wasn’t actually to blame, especially since the same upgrade process had run flawlessly on my test server a few days earlier. Then I realized that my test server was SQL 2008 and my production server was SQL 2005 – while I didn’t read specifically anywhere that this was a problem, SQL 2005 isn’t supported by TFS 2010.

After much digging, the cause of the error ends up being that the TFS upgrade tool (and TFS 2010 in general) doesn’t support SQL Server 2005. Upgrading the database server to SQL Server 2008 and re-running the process corrected the error and allowed us to complete the migration.

However, I’ve read that SQL 2008 support on TFS 2005 is patchy, so this also obliterates your rollback, if you were planning on one 🙂 If you get this error, hope this helps!